Epson 3490 Scanner

This is an information that tends to be forgotten on the Internet, so I’m publishing it here. How to get an Epson Perfection 3490 Photo scanner running under Linux, FreeBSD or whatever. Paths may change on your system, so you may need to adapt the instructions below.

1. Install xsane.

2. Download the Epson firmwares. For the Epson 3490, you need esfw52.bin. You may find this file on Internet, although it tends to disappear. But in any case you can also find this file here.

3. Uncompress the firmwares. That is, sudo tar -Jxvf epson-firmwares.tar.xz -C /usr/local/share/sane.

4. Modify /usr/local/etc/sane.d/snapscan.conf, change the firmware line to point to the esfw52.bin firmware. That is following the commands above, change the firmware line to firmware /usr/local/share/sane/epson-firmwares/esfw52.bin.

If you are running FreeBSD

You should still ensure that you can use the scanner as a normal user.

5.Let’s change the owner of the scanner so that it’s available to users in the saned group. Create /etc/devd/saned.conf and add:

notify 100 {
  match "system" "USB";
  match "subsystem" "INTERFACE";
  match "type" "ATTACH";
  match "cdev" "ugen[0-9].[0-9]";
  match "vendor" "0x04b8";
  match "product" "0x0122";
  action "chown -L cups:saned /dev/$cdev && chmod -L 660 /dev/$cdev";

Notice the 0x4b8:0x0122, identifying the scanner USB device which you can get from the lsusb command while the scanner is plugged in.

6.Restart devd with service devd restart.

7.Add yourself to the saned group with sudo pw groupmod saned -m

8.You may need to log in again so that new group changes are taken into account.

SANE USB permissions

Today I had a permission problem with SANE on Linux. SANE stands for “Scanner Access Now Easy”, it provides standardized access to scanner hardware ( and this is the most commonly used scanning tool on UNIX/Linux.

In my case the USB scanner was not recognized when issuing scanimage -L from my user account although it worked correctly under root and my user is in the scanner group. What more is sane-find-scanner reported permissions errors while running the command as user. The owner and group for the device (in my case it was /dev/bus/usb/002/004) were root:root. At this point we already know that something weird is happening and I expected something like root:scanner instead.

Looking into /lib/udev/rules.d/60-libsane.rules, the line in charge of changing the permissions for each scanner device matched by SANE:

ENV{libsane_matched}=="yes", RUN+="/bin/setfacl -m g:scanner:rw $env{DEVNAME}"

This is nice but I do not use ACL and they are disabled in kernel,  so this command is useless. So I replaced this line with:

ENV{libsane_matched}=="yes", RUN+="/bin/setfacl -m g:scanner:rw $env{DEVNAME}", MODE="0664", GROUP="scanner"

Now the owner and group are correctly set to root:scanner and I can use my scanner as a regular user.

Note that on my system the libsane, sane-utils and xsane are the only packages depending on the acl package. According to what I’ve seen in the ChangeLog they do so in order to cope with MFP which I presume should be accessible as a scanner and printer device at the same time. What I would have done instead would be to create special group for MFP devices and use this instead. IMO still less of a mess than enabling ACL on the whole system for a single package.